International Sanskrit Examination Resource

Audio and video practice

At first glance there seems to be a lot of different paradigms used in Sanskrit. However all the nouns and pronouns are based on the same basic pattern (Universal noun endings). Knowing this can help. The paradigms to learn first are those which apply to a large number of words i.e. Rama, Sita, mitram, tat, aham & tvam and bhavati.

Nouns/pronouns (audio, spoken): Introduction  Rama,  Sita,  mitram,(friend)  hari  guru (teacher)  nadi (river)  sah, saa, tat (he, she, it/that)  aham, tvam (I, you).   PRINTED VERSION

Verbs (audio, spoken): bhavati (he becomes - present tense), abhavat (he became - past), bhavishyati (he will become - future)  vardhate (he grows - present), vardhishyate (he will grow - future), avardhata (he grew - past)  asti and aasiit - (he, she, it, is/was)  asti, (he, she, it, is) asit (he, she, it was - past)  NOTE: labhate 'he finds' use the same endings as vardhate and can be used as extra practice:  labhate, (present)   alabhata, (past)   lapsyate (future), bhavatu (the imperative).  PRINTED VERSION


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Nouns: Rama, Sita, mitram (friend), hari (Lord), guru (teacher), nadi (river),  dhatr (creator),  manas (mind), sumanas ('good-minded' - adj.), atman (self), karman (action), dhimat m. (intelligent), dhimat f. (intelligent)

Pronouns: sah, saa, tat (he, she, it/that)  aham, tvam (I, you), idam (this) masc. fem. neuter 

Verbs: bhavati (become - present, future and past),  vardhate (grows - present, future, past), bhavet (Optative - would become), babhuva (Perfect - became), cakara Perfect - did)

Downloadable MP3s:

NOUNS/PRONOUNS: Rama  Sita mitram  Universal noun endings hari guru nadi dhatr manas sumanas atman karman

tat  aham and tvam idam - (masc) (fem) (neuter)

VERBS:  bhavati  vardhate  avardhata vardhishyate bhavet babhuva cakara 

Bhagavad Gita videos

 Listen to IGCSE Bhagavad Gita verses: YouTube         List of verses

Epic Civilisation videos

Chapter 1 Epic Civilisation for IGCSE: YouTube  It is called: 'Teachings in Sanskrit Philosophy'     Overview

Chapter 2 Epic Civilisation for IGCSE: You Tube  It is called 'A Map of Creation in accordance with Sanskrit Philosophy'



Latest update: 30.03.21